When it was New
The 1880s wallcoverings in the public spaces of Roseland Cottage are a type known as Lincrusta-Walton or Lincrusta. Invented by Frederic Walton in England in 1877, it’s produced by pressing a mixture of wood pulp and linseed oil onto a fabric or paper backing to create a raised pattern. Beginning in 1883 Lincrusta was produced in the Stamford, Connecticut, factory of Frederick Beck & Co. This is how the Lincrusta looked when installed in the house in the 1880s, at the height of the Gilded Age.